Prevention Guidelines for Men 18 to 39
Health Library Explorer
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A-Z Listings Contact Us
Prevention Guidelines

Prevention Guidelines for Men 18 to 39

Here are the screening tests and immunizations that most men ages 18 to 39 need. Although you and your healthcare provider may decide that a different schedule is best for you, this plan can guide your discussion.

Screening

Who needs it

How often

Alcohol misuse

All adults

At routine exams

Blood pressure

All adults

Every 2 years if your blood pressure reading is less than 120/80 mm Hg*

Yearly if your systolic blood pressure reading is 120 to 139 mm Hg or your diastolic blood pressure reading is 80 to 89 mm Hg*

Depression

All adults who have access to clinical practices with staff and systems in place to assure accurate diagnosis, effective treatment, and follow-up

At routine exams

Diabetes mellitus, type 2

Adults who have no symptoms and are overweight or obese and have 1 or more additional risk factors for diabetes

At least every 3 years

Hepatitis C

If at increased risk

At routine exams

HIV

All men

At routine exams

High cholesterol and triglycerides

All men ages 35 and older, and younger men at high risk for coronary artery disease

At least every 5 years

Obesity

All adults

At routine exams

Syphilis

Anyone at increased risk for infection

At routine exams

Tuberculosis

Anyone at increased risk for infection

Check with your healthcare provider

Vision

All men in this age group1

Every 5 to 10 years if not risk factors for eye disease

Counseling

Who needs it

How often

Diet and exercise

Adults who are overweight or obese

When diagnosed and at routine exams

Sexually transmitted infection prevention

Men who are sexually active

At routine visits

Skin cancer

Prevention of skin cancer in fair-skinned adults through age 24

At routine visits

Tobacco use and tobacco-related disease

All adults

Every exam

Immunizations***

Who needs it

How often

Tetanus/diphtheria/pertussis (Td/Tdap) booster

All adults

Td: every 10 years

Tdap: substitute a 1-time dose of Tdap for a Td booster after age 18, then boost with Td every 10 years

Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)

All adults in this age group who have no record of previous infection or vaccines**

1 or 2 doses

Chickenpox (varicella)

All adults in this age group who have no record of this infection or vaccinations**

2 doses; the second dose should be given 4 to 8 weeks after the first dose

Flu (seasonal)

All adults

Yearly, when the vaccine becomes available in the community

Hepatitis A

People at risk2

2 doses given at least 6 months apart

Hepatitis B

People at risk3

3 doses over 6 months; second dose should be given 1 month after the first dose; the third dose should be given at least 2 months after the second dose (and at least 4 months after the first dose)

Haemophilus influenzae Type B (HIB)

People at risk

1 to 3 doses

Human papillomavirus (HPV)

All men in this age group up to age 26

3 doses; the second dose should be given 1 to 2 months after the first dose and the third dose given 6 months after the first dose

Meningococcal

People at risk4

1 or more doses

Pneumococcal (PCV13) and pneumococcal (PPSV23)

People at risk5

PCV13: 1 dose ages 19 to 65 (protects against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria)

PPSV23: 1 to 2 doses through age 64, or 1 dose at 65 or older (protects against 23 types of pneumococcal bacteria)

 

*Recommendation from the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure

**Exceptions may exist; discuss with your healthcare provider

***Those who are 18 years of age, who are not up-to-date on their childhood immunizations, should receive all appropriate catch-up vaccines recommended by the CDC.

1Recommendation from the American Academy of Ophthalmology

2For complete list, see the CDC website

3For complete list, see the CDC website

4People ages 19 to 21 years and who are first-year college students or have one of several medical conditions

5For complete list, see the CDC website

Screening guidelines from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

Immunization schedule from the CDC

Online Medical Reviewer: Cunningham, Louise, RN
Online Medical Reviewer: Holloway, Beth, RN, M.Ed.
Online Medical Reviewer: MMI board-certified, academically affiliated clinician
Online Medical Reviewer: Turley, Ray, BSN, MSN
Date Last Reviewed: 3/30/2015
© 2000-2017 The StayWell Company, LLC. 780 Township Line Road, Yardley, PA 19067. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.
About Us

Our web site is designed to provide general information to educate users about programs and services, which may be available through our hospitals. The web site is not intended to provide medical advice nor should the information be used to attempt to determine the presence, absence or severity of any illness or medical condition which may be perceived or experienced by the user of this site. If you have or suspect you may have an illness or condition which you believe requires medical attention, we recommend you call your primary care physician. If you believe you are experiencing a medical emergency please call "911" (or your local medical emergency number) or seek immediate care from the nearest hospital Emergency Department. The provision of information to users of this web site is not intended as an inducement or to otherwise influence a person's decision to order or receive any item or service from a particular provider, practitioner or supplier that is reimbursable under Medicare, a state healthcare program (e.g., AHCCS) or any other healthcare plan.

Physicians are members of the medical staff at each facility, but are independent contractors who are neither employees nor agents of St. Mary's Medical Center; and, as a result, St. Mary's Medical Center is not responsible for the actions of any of these physicians in their medical practices.